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Athabasca University

Dr. Heather Kanuka

Dr. Heather KanukaPh.D., University of Alberta

Heather Kanuka holds a PhD in Educational Administration, Master of Instructional technology, Graduate Diploma in Adult Education, and undergraduate education degrees in education and arts from the University of Alberta. 

Research Interests

Heather’s research interests include educational technology, distance education and teaching development in higher education environments.

Select Refereed Journal Articles 

Kanuka, H., Jugdev, K., & Heller, B. (accepted, forthcoming). The Factor Structure of Faculty Development Needs for Net-based Distance Education-Practitioners. International Journal for Academic Development.

Kelland*, J., & Kanuka, H. (accepted, forthcoming). Using deliberative inquiry to seek consensus about impact of Internet communication technology on higher education. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology.

Kanuka, H., & Kelland*, J. (accepted, forthcoming). A Deliberative Inquiry with Experts in on e-Learning Technology: Contentions in Need of Further Research. Canadian Journal of Higher Education.

Kanuka, H., Heller, B., Jugdev, K., & West, D. (in press). The rise of the teleworker: False promises and responsive solutions. Higher Education. [Journal Citation Reports Ranking: 2004: 65/91; Education & Educational Research Impact Factor: 0.299]

Kanuka, H., & Rourke, L. (2008). Exploring the Non-Neutrality of e-Learning Technologies. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 17(1), 5-16.

Kanuka, H., & Anderson, T. (2007). Ethical Issues in qualitative e-learning Research. International Journal of Qualitative Research, 6(2). [online]. Available:

Rourke, L., & Kanuka, H. (2007). Barriers to critical discourse. International Journal of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, 2(1), 105-126.

Kanuka, H., Rourke*, L., & Laflamme*, E. (2007). The Influence of Instructional Methods on the Quality of Online Discussion. British Journal of Educational Technology, 38(2), 260-271. [Journal Citation Reports Ranking: 2004: 57/91; Education & Educational Research Impact Factor: 0.380. Listed in top 20 most frequently downloaded papers]

Kreber, C., & Kanuka, H. (2007). The scholarship of teaching and learning and the online classroom. Canadian Journal of University and Continuing Education, 32(2), 109-131. [The CAUSE board members recognized this paper as a distinguished manuscript]

Kanuka, H. (2006). A review of e-learning in Canada: A commentary on a rough sketch of the evidence, gaps and promising directions. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 32(3), 85-100.

Kanuka, H. (2006). Instructional design and eLearning: A discussion of pedagogical content knowledge as a missing construct. The e-Journal of Instructional Science and Technology, 9(2). [online]. Available:

Kanuka, H. (invited, 2006). Has e-learning delivered on its promises? A Journal of Higher Education: Academic Matters. (Winter), 6-8.

Kanuka, H., & Jugdev, K. (2006). Distance Education MBA Students: An Investigation into the Use of an Orientation Course to Address Academic and Social Integration Issues. Open Learning, 21(2), 153-166.

Kanuka, H. (2005). An exploration into facilitating higher levels of learning in a text-based Internet learning environment using diverse instructional strategies. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 10(3).  [online]. Available:

Kanuka, H. & Marini, A. (2005). Empowering untenured faculty through mosaic mentoring. Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education, 30(2), 11-38. [The CAUSE board members recognized this paper as a distinguished manuscript in their journal]

Garrison, D. R. & Kanuka, H. (2004). Blended Learning: Uncovering its Transformative Potential in Higher Education. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(2), 95-105.

Gram, N. P., Kanuka, H., &, Norris, S. P. (2004). Distance education environments, higher education, and the concern for community. PAACE Journal of Lifelong Learning, 13, 39-56.

Kanuka, H. & Garrison, D. R. (2004). Cognitive presence in online learning. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 15(2), 30-49.

Kanuka, H. & Conrad, D. (2003). The Name of the Game: Why “Distance Education” Says It All. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 4(4), 285-394.

Kanuka, H. & Nocente, N. (2003). Exploring the Effects of Personality Type on Perceived Satisfaction with Web-based Learning in Continuing Professional Development. Distance Education, 24(7), 227-245.

Kanuka, H. (2003). Towards Change: Continuing the Conversation on Electronic Publishing. Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education - Forum, 29(1), 65-71.

Kanuka, H. (2002). A principled approach to facilitating diverse strategies for web-based distance education. Journal of Distance Education, 17(2), 71-87.

Kanuka, H., Collett, D., & Caswell*, C. (2002). University instructor perceptions of the use of asynchronous text-based discussion in distance courses. The American Journal of Distance Education, 16(3), 151-167.

Kanuka, H. & Nocente, N. (2002). Professional development in the online classroom. The Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 16(1), 34-55.

Kanuka, H. (2002). Guiding principles for facilitating higher levels of Web-based distance learning in post-secondary settings. Distance Education, 23(1),163-182.

Kanuka, H. (2001). Assessing higher levels of learning in web-based post-secondary education. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 5(4), 106-111.

Kanuka, H. (2001). University student perceptions of the use of the web in distance delivered programs. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 31(3), 49-71.

Kanuka, H. & Szabo, M. (1999). Conducting research on visual design and learning: Pitfalls and promises. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 27(2), 39-57.

Kanuka, H. & Anderson, T. (1999). Using constructivism in technology mediated learning: Constructing order out of the chaos in the literature. Radical Pedagogy, 1(2). [online]. Available:

Szabo, M. & Kanuka, H. (1999). Effects of violating screen design principles of balance, unity, and focus on recall learning, study time and completion rates. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 8(1), 23-42.

Kanuka, H. & Anderson, T. (1998). On-line social interchange, discord, and knowledge construction. Journal of Distance Education, 13(1), 57-74.

Anderson, T. & Kanuka, H. (1997). New platforms for professional development and group collaboration. Journal of Computer Mediated Conferencing, 3(3). [online]. Available:


Last updated by MK May 21, 2014

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